Anyone is sexed towards offered avenues, skull foot and you may pelvic morphology

The body was disposed whole-body in the east-west profile between grids A and B, at a depth of 1.30 m. Similarly, age was estimated from cranial and postcranial skeletal metamorphosis and dental wear . Height was estimated from skeletal measurements (heel to vertex) in situ. Individual 3+ is a juvenile or young adult, 17 to 25 years old, female, and measures approximately 149 cm. There are traces of red dye on the skull and forearms. Among the items found that accompanied or contained the body are a ceramic vessel, 11 freshwater mollusk shells, and over 500 fragments of plant material.

Bush question.

During the depths between step one.29 and 0.98 yards, exclusively limited by locations below (23%) and you may forming a perimeter horizontal on the human body (77%), at the very least 578 fragments regarding bush matter (wood) were registered, bringing a macroscopic types of black and brownish cubes. New designs of the fragments have been categorized for the Short, ranging from step 1 and you can step 3 cm (341 fragments), Medium-Quick three to six cm (89 fragments), Average, six to ten cm (61 fragments), High, ten so you’re able to several cm (34 fragments), and very High, higher than several cm (53 fragments), aforementioned focused for the distal circles.

An example regarding 20 fragments off wood of various items and away from other circles was selected and you can sent to possess personality regarding the Laboratorio de Dendroescrerologia y Catedra de- Anatomia Vegetal del AUSMA, Universidad Nacional de Comahue, Argentina. The timber is actually observed significantly less than an enthusiastic optical microscope with event light regarding three symptomatic areas: mix (Fig 4A; S2 Fig), radial longitudinal or axial (Fig 4B; S3 Fig) and you will tangential longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4C; S4 Fig). It actually was finished from the findings your wood came from good Gymnosperm (clearly tracheid wood). On dating millionaires radial part, bullet otherwise egg-shaped tracheids that have uniseriate pits was in fact noticed (Fig 4B), showing the wood is out-of Austrocedrus chilensis “Chilean cedar”. One of the services of your own shot, it was noted that 29% of one’s High and very Large specimens, we.age. people adequate to possess shallow changes getting observed, expose temperature alteration solely towards the deal with oriented into the muscles, otherwise inner deal with in the case of a container. Inspite of the fragmentation of one’s test, the new architectural characteristics of your fragments suggest that he could be taken from just one forest, and you will projection of angles of growth groups suggests a beneficial single trunk away from diameter bigger than 0.70 meters (Fig 4A).

Malacological elements.

The body is with valves of the freshwater mollusc Diplodon chilensis, some of which was partial-done and you may lie lower than plus direct exposure to skeleton instance once the humerus and you can femur. The new shells help save an amount of integrity and you may fragments regarding periostracum occur, at which it’s inferred that they have been put-on the root of the wood basket until the human anatomy is actually laid from inside the it. Around three partial-over specimens expose yellow nutrient colorants to their outer epidermis. Which species of mollusc is found just 300 meters away on the fresh coastlines out-of Lacar Lake. Regulators from the kinds is actually filed into the funerary and you may residential contexts for the websites to the one another slopes of your Andes [18, 19].


Beside the body, to the left of the cranium and on the same vertical level, a pottery vessel was deposited ; it is a bottle or jug with a spherical body and a formatted or flat base, cylindrical neck, and mouth with signs of a pouring-lip. It has a handle consisting of a vertical strip fixed between the body and the rim, opposite the lip. It was fired with oxidation; the clay is compact and schist-like, red in colour with quartz inclusions (Fig 5). It has a white glaze and geometric patterns in red paint on several distinct panels on the body and neck. The motifs are: parallel lines dividing the body and neck into horizontal segments; reticulated figures round the neck; and vertical parallel bands distributed round the body where triangular figures composed of lines alternate with clepsydras or triangles joined by their vertex. This piece forms a typological or singular group (bottle or jug with narrow mouth and pouring-lip), previously unknown at least among the morphological and technical variants of the El Vergel pottery complex ; it is part of the (pre-Hispanic) Red on White Bichrome tradition, of the Late Pottery period in the regional ceramics sequence . Given the chronology of this piece, it is one of the earliest records of use as a funerary item. Like other features, its tilted position and height, close to the face of Individual 3+, suggest that the wooden container was concave in shape and of restricted size, and that the base in this part was elevated.

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